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At the beginning of the modern era, the Spanish and Portuguese expansion transferred to their colonies the Mediterranean-European notion of honor, to be adapted and redefined according to local cultures. Honor has been a subject of study that has attracted the interest of diverse disciplines since the early s.
Understood as a complex secular value, its facets were expressed in the most-diverse areas of social, cultural, economic, and political life. This explains why its study has contributed to illuminating diverse areas, such as the family, sexuality, gender identities, forms of violence, national identities, public space, and mechanisms of social control.
Honor had ceased to be a static concept, characteristic and exclusive to nobility in a segmented or estate-based society, and was understood as a multifaceted and complex practice that was subjected to diverse social usages. In the course of the modern era, honor ceased to be the heritage of the nobility and depended on the esteem of a community rather than on a sense of self-worth.
Along with allowing a better understanding of social hierarchies, the study of honor has contributed to gender history. This has been possible not just through analyzing feminine honor—understood from a perspective of the history of the family, gender relations, and the patriarchal system—but also through the study of masculine honor, relating expansive sexuality and violence.
The historiography on the interactions between honor and violence is ample and has been crossed by diverse interpretations. From works that limit the violence of honor to the duels among nobility, to those that postulate the existence of ritual plebeian violence, these have contributed to the history of the body, emotions, and social and gender identities.
General Overviews General overviews on honor in the Atlantic world can be grouped into two categories: A less general and more interdisciplinary perspective characterizes the scholarly work coordinated in Gautheronwhich argues that the ethical dimension of honor is degraded by bourgeois society, though the values associated with it do not necessarily disappear.
However, given the semantic plurality of the concept and the existence of expressions that are openly different from the model, the author proposes using it only as a comparative reference.
However, honor was a private and public need for plebeian families from diverse spaces in the Atlantic world during the modern era. Attitudes and Mentalities from the Sixteenth to the Nineteenth Century. Translated by Benjamin Keen. University of California Press, He understood honor to be a peculiar form of pride and a socialized value founded on reputation.
At the same time, he highlighted the link between honor and violence. Interesting documents are included at the end of the book.
Daily Life in Spain in the Golden Age. Translated by Newton Branch. Stanford University Press, Actes du colloque, Metz, du 20 au 22 novembre Presses Universitaires de Rennes, While some chapters study the English, Italian, and Spanish cases, the vast majority are restricted to France.
The majority are contributions by historians, though jurists, philosophers, and literati are also included. Edited by Roger Chartier, — Translated by Arthur Goldhammer.
Its discussion reveals a configuration of the phenomenon from an Atlantic perspective. University of Chicago Press, He analyzes literary and judicial sources, historical research, and anthropological work. Includes appendixes and bibliography.Militarism in Arab Society: An Historiographical and Bibliographical Sourcebook [John W.
Jandora] on arteensevilla.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A much needed reference aid for the academic and national defense communities, this book provides a framework for the historical and comparative study of the military culture of Arab society.
In sections considering warfare in Arab traditions. ~In historiography of major revolutions, serious scholarly study of events in the provinces was linked to evolution of social history; before the advent of social historical analysis, local studies were the bailiwick of antiquarians.
the historiographic essay focuses on scholarship, interpretations, or points of debate and consensus concerning the analysis of an historical topic or event. A historiographic essay is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another.
A historiography is best situated early on in an essay, preferably in the introduction in order to familiarize the reader with the topic and to set out the scope of previous work in broad terms.
Your historiography should establish. Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to lateth century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
The term has also more generally been applied to the historical era following modernity and the tendencies of this era. (In this context, "modern" is not used in the sense of "contemporary", but merely as a name.
Courses are numbered to correspond with the recommended sequence in which they should be taken. Normally numbers also correspond with the college level at which they are taken. Courses numbered or higher are upper-level courses primarily for juniors and seniors, though open to other qualified.