Botanical gardens greenhouse in Curitiba Curitiba is located in the area of the Ombrophilous Mixed Forest also known as Araucaria moist forestsa sub-type of the Atlantic Forest. In Curitiba it is possible to find steppes, forests and other formations. The Municipal Secretariat of the Environment maintains a botanical garden and three greenhouses that producenative and exotic seedlings: The catchment area of Curitiba consists of rivers and streams that cross the city in different directions, grouped in six river basins.
World Cities Case study: Sustainable development was seen as essential. Curitiba has suffered from all the typical problems brought by rapid urban growth: This is a good case study as the city was located in an LEDC when it started its pathway to sustainability and shows what can be done on a budget.
It has a population of almost 2 million people.
Transport Curitiba has developed a high quality of life for its inhabitants by prioritising people over cars. Jaime Learner became mayor in the until retiring in and when elected into office he faced a plan to widen the city streets to cope with an increasing number of traffic.
Learner did the opposite, he paved the street and closed it to traffic — Boulevard de Flores has since spread to span 50 blocks and is a mall in the street. Learner also believes in participation of people in the life and development of the city, and that economic activity should not be separate from society.
He feels that if all of these 3 things were addressed cities could be great places to live. By the s the population of Curitiba had grown tenfold in just 50 years and was clogged with cars.
He designed a system which features; 1. These routes had a central bus lane that was totally dedicated to 2 directional public transport; not the car. This was to speed the journey for commuters on the bus. This boosts the number of passengers per bus from 1, per day to 2, The arterial roads were also used as growth corridors of the urban and economic growth of the city.
Triple articulated buses bendy buses! There is only one fare and people can change busses on the same ticket. There are interchanges across the city so people can change directions and busses 4. Rapid implementation within 2 years.
Learner also improved this system by designing an elevated glass boarding tube, where people could shelter and buy their tickets, speeding up the journey. The bus doors are wider and open directly into the tube, maximising access for all types of users including the disabled. Faster loading and unloading on the bus means less idling and cuts the bus travel times.
The bus companies are paid per km driven not per passenger, this means the bus companies still want to run services on less popular routes, not argue over the more popular routes.
Source - Curitiba Brazil http: During peak hours busses arrive every 60 seconds and are always full. Curitiba has one of the lowest rates of pollution as a result. An initial 25, passengers and that grew to over 2 million passengers. It is totally funded by the people who use it and has no government subsidy.
They were designed by Hitoshi Nakamura. The parks ring the city and some of the parks were built in 2 months. The parks increase the value of surrounding land, and many of the parks are dual purpose. One of the parks is used for flood control from the Iguazu River in the s.
Instead of putting a concrete channel around a river in Barigui Park to stop it flooding, they designed the park to absorb the flood water naturally instead, and created lakes to absorb flood water.
This saved money from expensive hard engineering projects and the money could be used in social projects such as schools instead. The park covers 1.Curitiba is the capital city of the Parana state in Brazil. Nearly 2 million people live there.
The city has had an urban master plan since Part of the plan is the Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) System. It was the first city in Brazil to have dedicated bus lanes.
A bus rapid transit system operates. This is cheaper to run than a tube system.
Brazil is divided into five primary geographic areas: the northern Guiana Highlands; Brazilian Highlands (or plateau) central and east; the massive Amazon River Basin; Pantanal wetland areas of the southwest, and the Southern Highlands - to the west and south of Curitiba.
River discharge is defined as the volume of water passing a measuring point or gauging station in a river in a given time. It is measured in cubic metres per second (cumecs). Study Flashcards On CCEA AS Geography: Breen Wood at arteensevilla.com Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more.
arteensevilla.com makes it . The population of the South in was million, or 14% of the country's total. The region is almost as densely settled as the Southeast, but the population is more concentrated along the coast.
The major cities are Curitiba and Porto Alegre. The inhabitants of the South enjoy relatively high living standards. Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land", Brazilian Portuguese: [kuɾiˈtʃibɐ]) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná. The city's population numbered approximately 1,, people as of , making it the eighth most populous city in the country, and the largest in Brazil's South arteensevilla.com: South.