There, I just saved you two long, boobless hours. With the highest expectations of any movie in existence, it should be no surprise that many casual viewers are mystified by the hype. I, too, battled this beast as a teenager and lost to my drooping eyelids, oblivious to the visual mastery unfolding before me, the stuff which untrained eyes cannot yet see. Further boosting the hype is the fact that this young brainchild had the audacity to mock the most powerful man in America, newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst rival of Joseph Pulitzer.
We still argue, though. And when discussing the best film ever made, there is, remarkably, an apparently universal answer. In the nearly eight decades it turns 75 years old today since its release, Citizen Kane has remained one of the clearest expressions of creative freedom and artistic innovation ever put on film.
Its co-writer, director, producer and star—Orson Welles—was granted an incredible amount of control over its production, and he put it to good use, setting new standards for cinematography, makeup effects, and storytelling on the big screen. When stating the importance of Citizen Kane, Ebert said it best: By the time he came to Hollywood, Orson Welles was regarded as one of the great young geniuses of his time.
It was no surprise when Hollywood began seeking his talents, but what was surprising was just how much freedom he was given. When George Schaefer, the head of RKO Pictures, was hoping to generate a creative shakeup at his studio, he signed a deal with Welles that granted the wunderkind direct access to Schaefer himself and, among other things, gave Welles final cut on his films.
Because Welles was a first-time film director, the move generated immense controversy in Hollywood, particularly when Schaefer cut the salaries of RKO employees while still granting Welles creative freedom over his work.
Citizen kane one of the all time production got far enough that test footage was shot featuring miniature set designs, RKO ultimately shut the movie down because the budget grew too high.
In searching for an alternate project, Welles happened upon a massive screenplay by Herman J. After several rewrites, this screenplay would become Citizen Kane.
Welles once claimed that Mankiewicz was responsible for the first two drafts, while he had significant input on the third. At the beginning of filming Citizen Kane, Welles was an acclaimed theater and radio director with no real experience in cinema. In an effort to learn the ropes of a new craft, Welles turned to one of the most acclaimed films of the day: Though he was not yet famous for the excesses that would make him notorious later in life, Welles nonetheless had some peculiar eating and drinking habits during the production of Citizen Kane.
His habit of consuming more than 30 cups of coffee each day led him to succumb to caffeine poisoning. He switched to tea, believing that the time it took to make each cup would slow him down, but having an assistant make it for him meant that he drank so much his skin changed color.
Throughout the course of the film, Charles Foster Kane has to look, at various times, impossibly youthful and very, very old. Welles noticed that Seiderman was using his spare time experimenting with latex to create artificial face appliances and, impressed with his ingenuity, asking him to work on Citizen Kane.
Latex face appliances are now common practice in movie makeup effects. According to Welles, Toland actually approached him and volunteered to shoot the film. He stretched muslin over the tops of sets to allow the ceilings to be visible while microphones could also be placed above the actors, and he and Welles famously chopped holes into the floors to allow for even lower camera angles.
All of these elements combine to make Citizen Kane a master class in cinematography, and an example of every camera trick of the era finally combined into a single film. As Welles would later put it: So anything that I could think up in my dreams, I attempted to photograph.
Then, during the scene in which Kane confronts Boss Jim Gettys Ray Collins on a staircase, Welles fell and injured his ankle so badly that he was forced to reschedule certain scenes and direct the film from a wheelchair for several days.
When RKO executives actually did visit the production, Welles used his natural flair for showmanship to distract them.
According to Seiderman, the crew was told during these occasions: Smoke cigarettes and talk. Though he had massive creative freedom on the film, Welles also still had a budget, and as a result certain creative shortcuts were used to reduce cost on Citizen Kane. In one instance, a scene between Kane and Susan that was originally intended to take place in an ornate Xanadu living room was instead shot in a redressed hallway.
In another, the production got even more creative: For the scene in which Kane and his entourage visit the beach, the large birds flying in the background are actually a previously created shot of pterodactyls from either King Kong or Son of Kong Even before its release, rumors swirled that Charles Foster Kane and his life story were based on the life of media baron William Randolph Hearst, one of the most powerful men in America at the time.
Like Kane, Hearst built a massive California palace and stocked it with exotic animals. Though he denied the film was based on Hearst at the time, Welles would later say: And I anticipated the trouble from Hearst for that reason. Louella Parsons, a Hearst columnist and tremendously influential media figure at the time, requested a private screening of the film prior to its release.
According to post-production sound engineer James G. This plot device is among the most iconic in cinema history, and has been parodied in everything from The Simpsons to Family Guy. The buyer was director Steven Spielberg.Jun 06, · Watch video · Citizen Kane is majestic, elegant and noble.
It begins at the end, we see a man of obvious wealth and power breathe his last, and then the mysteries of his life are unraveled via a series of anecdotes, barely remembered scenes and highly subjective memories/10(K).
AFI's GREATEST AMERICAN FILMS OF ALL TIME. AFI's Years Movies – 10th Anniversary Edition is an updated edition to AFI's Years Movies, a list of the top greatest American films of all time..
Honoring the 10th anniversary of this award-winning series, a jury of 1, film artists, critics and historians determined that CITIZEN KANE remained the greatest movie of all.
Feb 12, · All-TIME Movies. TIME's Richard Corliss updates our All-TIME list of the greatest films made since — the beginning of TIME — with 20 new entries.
|Citizen Kane | Best Movies of All Time | arteensevilla.com||So many things about Citizen Kane were outrageous at the time: If only a few of those ideas gained ground, Hollywood was in trouble.|
|WISCONSIN’S OWN ORSON WELLES: A CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION (PART I)||One of the leading lights in the history of international cinema, Welles has inspired succeeding generations of film artists with an arresting use of sound an image, singular interpretations of literary classics, and a celebratory, but fundamentally tragic vision of the human condition. January and February selections highlight Welles as the complete auteur, beginning with his acknowledged masterwork, Citizen Kane.|
Nov 11, · For its acolytes, Citizen Kane is simply the best. The Orson Welles drama turns 75 this year, continues to be hailed by critics as the greatest movie ever made and gets a special screening Sunday at Los Angeles’ American Film Institute Festival (plus a new Blu-ray/DVD edition out Tuesday).
All art is subjective, and it’s therefore perhaps pointless to argue over which movie is the “greatest” ever made. We still argue, though. And when discussing the best film ever made, there. Tko pjeva zlo ne misli (One Who Sings Means No Harm, ) was voted the best Croatian film of all time by 44 Croatian film critics in , in a poll organized by the Croatian magazine Hollywood.
It was also voted the best Croatian film by Hollywood ' .