Anthropometric development economic essay history in living standard stature

Several texts from this period mention a positive relationship between health, social status, and stature.

Anthropometric development economic essay history in living standard stature

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Social Science History Graham, hoped to expand the exploration of human heights and their economic and social correlates.

Anthropometric development economic essay history in living standard stature

He was one of the few journal editors convinced early on that such an agenda fit well into an interdisciplinary historical perspective. Consequently, the issue attracted new researchers to the field, including one of the guest editors of this anniversary issue.

Some of the interesting insights of the anthropometric research program were already hinted at in that issue: Anthropometric history found a niche in scholarship because conventional approaches to living standards were not helpful in answering questions of interest to historians.

Historical Anthropometrics

There are many weaknesses in using conventional living-standard indicators such as per capita gross national product, per capita income, or hourly daily wages to assess the welfare of a population. The related issues are too complex to be discussed here in detail.

Anthropometric development economic essay history in living standard stature

Suffice it to say that they do not incorporate the effect of environmental externalities, of cyclical fluctuations, of distribution of resources within the family, or of inequalities at the societal level Crafts ; Steckel and Floud ; Engerman ; Floud In a historical context, the limitations of the conventional measures are accentuated by the fact that income data are generally unavailable and records of wages are limited to some segments of the labor force.

Moreover, their deflation by a consumer price index is typically rudimentary due to the lack of a representative basket of consumer goods.

Anthropometry | arteensevilla.com

In addition, no obvious welfare indicators exist at all for very large segments of historical populations that were outside the paid labor force, including women, children, aristocrats, and slaves, but prior to the onset of modern economic growth also the self-sufficient peasantry or farmers Johnson and Nicholas These segments were by no means negligible—they made up well over three-quarters of most societies prior to industrialization.

Moreover, the spatial component of welfare is also difficult, if not impossible, to study in a historical context using conventional approaches because of the scarcity of regional-level evidence.

Hence, the limitations of conventional living-standard indicators are widespread and systematic and often include modern societies for which data are lacking or are unreliable Baten and Wagner ; Cameron ; Komlos and Kriwy ; Morgan ; Nicholas et al.

As a consequence, the use of complementary measures such as the Human Development Index HDI or biological indicators such as physical stature is warranted and affords us new opportunities to assess the effect of historical You are not currently authenticated.

Bulletin of the History of Medicine

View freely available titles:Regional Differences in Standard of Living living standards, and economic development. Essays in anthropometric history 'Significance of anthropometric history' Stature, living standards Anthropometric history is the study of human size as an indicator of how well the human organism fared during childhood and adolescents in its socio-economic and epidemiological environment.

Read "Stature, Living Standards, and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History. By John Komlos.

In Stature, Living Standards and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History, edited by John Komlos, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Komlos, John, and Jörg Baten. The biological standard of living clearly decreased during the generation prior to the outbreak of one of the most momentous revolutions in the history of Mankind. Furthermore, prices for food increased, as did the return on capital (Malthus, , Malthus, ). This paper offers a critical review of research published over the past decade on the connection between the stature of the Irish, on the one hand, and their health and living standards, on the other.

xv + pp. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, , American Journal of Human Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at .

Riggs, Paul () "The standard of living in Scotland, –," in John Komlos (ed.) Stature, Living Standards, and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History.

Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 60– J. Komlos (Ed.), Stature, Living Standards and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History, University of Chicago Press, Chicago () Komlos and Baten, J.

Komlos, J.

Social Science History

Baten (Eds.), Studies on the Biological Standard of Living in Comparative Perspective, Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart (). Stature, Living Standards, and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History. By John Komlos. xv + pp.

Chicago: University of Chicago Press,

Stature, Living Standards, and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History