But when you look at the details of this intriguing church, it appears to be more Byzantine than gothic. It was not unusual for churches to be built of brick, but this one makes no attempt to disguise that fact, even on the inside. Because of its construction material, and the multiple nested semi-circular shapes surrounding the apse, the east end of the church resembles St Saviour in Chora in Constantinople more than it does, say, Notre Dame in Paris. The east end of the Basilica has the rounded shapes and brickwork more commonly associated with Byzantine Greek Orthodox churches The arches are all rounded Romanesque, not pointed gothic, and the knave is an impressively high barrel vault.
Romanesque and Gothic Art Romanesque Architecture and Sculpture Romanesque Architecture The eleventh century — AD saw peace and prosperity gradually begin to return to Europe after several centuries of war and poverty since the collapse of the Roman Empire at the end of the 5th century.
Encouraged by the Catholic Church, communities began to replace their small wooden chapels with large stone churches. These builders looked to the structures of ancient Rome for guidance and for inspriation.
These new churches were in the style of the Romans and therefore called Romanesque. Key features of Romaneque Architecture. An example of a Romanesque Church that you need to know and be able to sketch Bascilica Format The Romanesque church was based on a Roman structure; the Bascilica ; A long rectangular building with a central nave and two aisles — one on either side.
The aisles were seperated from the nave by an arcade consisting of a row of pillars and arches. The Romanesque bulders added to two transepts the top of the nave, one on either side to form a crucifix shape.
Behind this was a small recess called an apse. This structure was the standard format for a Romanesque Church.
Later on as Romanesque architecture developed, towers and other such features were added. Romanesque Churches were built completely of stone and in some cases of brick. This was a huge improvement on previous churches which were constructed with a wooden roof — a stone roof was permanent since if would not burn or rot.
Stone was cut into wedge shapes blocks valled voussoirs. These were built up to form a vault. There were two main types of vaults; Barrel Vaults and Groin Vaults. Barrel Vault Groin Vault Holding up the weight of a stone roof proved to be problematic.
As the walls were at risk of collapsing under the pressure of the outward thrust, Romanesque builders made the walls extra thick to compensate for this pressure — 2 to 3 meters in thickness.
The thick walls gave Romanesque Churches a very heavy appearance. Also; very few windows could be built as this would weaken the walls, this meant that Romanesque churches were very dark inside. It was located in Toulouse along the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela in Spain, where St james is reputedly buried so it was built extra large to accommodate the numerous pilgrims aswell as the local population.
The main features of St Sernins are; 1 Heavy appearance with small rounded windows 2 Made of local brick not stone 3 An extra aisle on either side of the nave 4 The extra aisle continues around the transept and the apse creating an ambulatory where pilgrims could walk and pray 5 Nine small chapels at the back of the chuch behind the transept and the apse.
Study this sculpture in detail, vitally important. Look at the composition of this sculpture, Christ Central largest figure, early figures on the lintel underneath, the elit and saved to his right and the damed and demons to his left with the weighing of the souls.
Above heaven and angles. Memorize for the exam and practice drawing this regularly. The weighing of the souls is an important close up that you will need to learn and draw in the exam.
Detail of the Last Judgement. The Archangel Michael and the Devil weighing the souls. See below the feet of the devil — the hand of God pulls a frightened soul out of Purgatory in order for it to be weighed In the Last Judgement Gislebertus shows us why he is master of visual story telling. The expressions on the faces and his use of hand gestures conveys strong emotion to us.
Gislebertus had a talent for drama and his vision of the Last Judgement must have been truly terrifying to people of the medieval era who gazed upon it Romanesque Architecture and Sculpture Teaching the word of god found a new and powerful medium in medieval art. Sculptors at Cluny were the first to use monumental stone sculpture for this purpose and it soon spread to other pilgrim churches.
This was inspired by the Roman arch, which was invented to celebrate imperial victory over an enemy. The Last Judgement was the main theme of this new type of portal Romanesque Sculpture. Carved Capital Pillars; Capitals were often decorated with carved narrative scenes adapted to the awkward shape of the capital.
Bending and twisting figures in a frame is a distinctive feature of Themes; Christ; the Christian religion is based on Christi's passion, and Romanesque Art celebrated this story over and over. Death and Grotesque; As the life expectancy at this time was very short the reality of death was always present.
In Christian religious teaching, death was a passage to the next, more important life and every dying person faced the question of whether they would recieve mery from God or face the eternal damnation of hell.
For this reason, Romanesque Art produced a greater wealth of images of death in all it's forms than in any other period of Western art history. The grotesque images of devils, demons, and tormented souls we're intended to create fear of Hell in people's minds and serve as a reminder to always be prepared for death by repenting ones sins.
The purpose of the sculptural schemes was to convey a message that the Christian believer should recognize wrongdoing, repent and be redeemed. The Last Judgement reminds the believer to repent. The carved or painted Crucifixdisplayed prominently within the church, reminds the sinner of redemption.St Sernin’s is a large Romanesque Church.
It was located in Toulouse along the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela in Spain, (where St james is reputedly buried) so it was built extra large to accommodate the numerous pilgrims aswell as the local population.
Roman Architecture. STUDY. PLAY. Define the basic characteristics of Romanesque architecture using St. Sernin at Toulouse as an example. St.
Sernin had radiating chapels,built of brick, built of stone, Duomo has blind arcades, was built of marble. The apse or end of a church, including the choir, ambulatory and radiating chapels.
Abside et clocher de St Sernin -Saint-Sernin Basilica in Toulouse, displaying the typical pink brick architecture of Upper Languedoc Find this Pin and more on Old Churches and Castles by Rocky Harrell. * Cluny III had a bold design (barrel-vaulted nave, four side aisles, three stories) and was MASSIVE (largest church in Europe for years.) Saint-Pierre, Moissac; France; * A wealthy church of the Clunaic order on the route to Santiago de Compostela.
Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! Sep 28, · The Basilica of Saint-Sernin (Occitan: Basilica de Sant Sarnin) is a church in Toulouse, France, the former abbey church of the Abbey of Saint-Sernin or St Saturnin.
Apart from the church, none of the abbey buildings remain.