He was only 18 when, against the advice of his stepfather and others, he decided to take up this perilous inheritance and proceeded to Rome. The Senate, encouraged by Cicero, broke with Antony, called upon Octavius for aid granting him the rank of senator in spite of his youthand joined the campaign of Mutina Modena against Antony, who was compelled to withdraw to Gaul.
His family were closely connected with the Marian faction in Roman politics.
Caesar himself progressed within the Roman political system, becoming in succession quaestor 69aedile 65 and praetor In BC he served as governor of the Roman province of Spain. The following year he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul where he stayed for eight years, adding the whole of modern France and Belgium to the Roman empire, and making Rome safe from the possibility of Gallic invasions.
Caesar then returned to Italy, disregarding the authority of the senate and famously crossing the Rubicon river without disbanding his army. In the ensuing civil war Caesar defeated the republican forces.
Pompey, their leader, fled to Egypt where he was assassinated. Caesar followed him and became romantically involved with the Egyptian queen, Cleopatra.
Caesar was now master of Rome and made himself consul and dictator. He used his power to carry out much-needed reform, relieving debt, enlarging the senate, building the Forum Iulium and revising the calendar.
Dictatorship was always regarded a temporary position but in 44 BC, Caesar took it for life. His success and ambition alienated strongly republican senators.
This sparked the final round of civil wars that ended the Republic and brought about the elevation of Caesar's great nephew and designated heir, Octavian, as Augustus, the first emperor.Long before Julius Caesar became dictator (from B.C.E.) and was subsequently murdered, the Roman Republic had entered a state of rapid decline.
The rich had become wealthier and more powerful as a result of Rome's many military successes. Julius Caesar offers a lively, engaging, and thoroughly up-to-date account of Caesar’s life and times. Richard Billows’ dynamic and fast paced narrative offers an imaginative recounting of actions and events, providing the ideal introduction to Julius Caesar for general readers and .
Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar turned the Roman Republic into the powerful Roman Empire. A coup ended his reign, and his life, on the Ides of March.
J ulius Caesar was a Roman general and politician who overthrew the Roman Republic and established the rule of the emperors.
Caesar used the problems and hardships of the period to create his own supreme political and military power. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, ?
bce, Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce, Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce, and dictator (46–44 bce), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was.
Oct 27, · The statesman and general Julius Caesar ( B.C.) expanded the Roman Republic through a series of battles across Europe before declaring himself dictator for life.